Hijacking planes and blowing up buildings

Question: Is it permissible to hijack planes, blow up buildings and carry out revolts [against the government]? Is this considered to be from the essence of Islaam that one loves to act upon? Benefit us, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: These affairs are from the destruction that Islaam prohibits, and it draws a lot of evil upon the Muslims because the non-Muslims make this a reason to attack the Muslims and annihilate them. It is these actions that the Kufaar have taken as grounds to dispraise Islaam as being a religion of terrorism, they say this because of such activities.

Islaam prohibits Bombings, destruction and hijacking planes because it causes harm to the Muslims before it does to other than them, and because it is a form of harm that does not contain any benefit.

[Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan, al-Ijaabaat al-Muhimmah fil-Mashaakil al-Mudlahamah – page 81]

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Hijacking planes and kidnapping

From that which is known to everyone who has the slightest bit of common sense is that hijacking airplanes and kidnapping children and the like are extremely great crimes, the world over. Their evil effects are far and wide, as is the great harm and inconvenience caused to the innocent; the total effect of which none can comprehend except Allaah.

Likewise, from that which is known is that these crimes are not specific to any particular country over and above another country, nor any specific group over and above another group, rather it encompasses the whole world.

There is no doubt about the effect of these crimes; so it is obligatory upon the governments and those responsible from amongst the scholars and other than them to afford these issues great concern, and to exert themselves as much as possible in ending this evil.

[Shaykh Ibn Baaz, Kayfa Nu’aalij Waaqi’unaa al-Aleem – Page 108-109]

Our Obligations Regarding The Rulers

Question: What is wajib upon us regarding the people who are in authority over us or the Hukaam (Rulers)?

Answer: Wishing them well, its explanation is that they are supported regarding the truth, they are followed and obeyed. That they be advised with softness, they are prayed behind, jihaad should be performed with them, they should be given the zakah and charity, having patience on some of their minor impressions and injustice, weapons are not raised against them up until the open kufr is apparent from them. They are not pushed into deceit by fabricated lies and supplications be performed for them for the sake of guidance and rectification.

Question: What are the proofs?

Answer: Allaah says,

“O you who believe obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) and those of you who are in authority.” [Soorah an-Nisaa (4):59]

The Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

“Hear and obey even if he is a slave” [Saheeh. Bukhaaree (no’s 693, 696, 7142), Ibn Maajah (no.2760), Bayhaqee in as-Sunan al-Kubraa (8/155) and Musnad Ahmad in his Musnad (6/403)]

The Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) also said,

“Whoever sees something disliked from the ameer, he should have patience with it because whoever separates from the jamaa’ah by a hand span and if he died he would die the death of Jaahiliyyah.” [Agreed Upon. On the authority of Ibn Abbaas (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu). Bukhaaree (no’s 7053, 7054, 7143), Muslim (no’s 55, 56) and Ahmad in his Musnad (1/275, 297, 310)]

It is the saying of Ubaadah Ibn as-Saamit (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) who said,

The Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) called us and we gave him the pledge of allegiance, from the pledge of allegiance was obeying him in both situations of happiness and sorrow, hardship and ease and in precedence over us and we do not take the kingdom of the ruler except when we see open disbelief for which he has no proof from Allaah.” [Saheeh. Bukhaaree (no 7052), Muslim (no’s 41, 42), an-Nasaa’ee (no’s 4153, 4154), Ibn Maajah (no.2766) and Ahmad (3/144, 5/316).

It is another saying of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam),

“It is obligatory upon every Muslim to obey that which he likes and dislikes except when he is commanded to sin, then it is obligatory upon the believer not to hear or obey.” [Agreed Upon. On the authority of Ibn Umar (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu). Bukhaaree (no.2955, 7144), Muslim (no.38), Tirmidhee (no.1707), Ibn Maajah (no.2864), Abu Dawood (no.2626) and an-Nasaa’ee (no.4206)]

In another place he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

“There is obedience only in the good.” [Agreed Upon. On the authority of Alee (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu). Bukhaaree (no’s 4340, 7175, 7257), Muslim (no’s 39, 40), Abu Daawood (no.2625), an-Nasaa’ee (no.4205) and Ahmad (1/82, 94, 124)]

In another place he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

“Even if he strikes your back and takes your wealth, then still hear and obey.” [Saheeh. On the authority of Hudhaifah (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) which is a part of a lengthier hadeeth. Muslim (no.52). Another hadeeth with similar meaning has been reported by Ubaadah as-Saamit (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) by Ibn Hibbaan (no.4547).]

In another place he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

“Whoever withdrew his hand from obedience, then will meet Allaah on the day of judgement in the condition that he will have no proof nor an excuse and whoever dies without the allegiance to the ameer round his neck, then he dies the death of Jaahiliyyah.” [Saheeh. On the authority of Ibn Umar (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu). Muslim (no. 58), Haakim (1/77, 117) who authenticated it according to the conditions of the two Shaykhs and Dhahabee agreed. Imaam al-Albaanee (raheemahullaah) also authenticated it in as-Saheehah (no.984) and in Saheeh al-Jaam’i (no.6105)]

In another place he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

“Whosoever wishes to divide the affair of this ummah into pieces when the ummah is united, then kill him with a sword even if he is a person.” [Saheeh. On the authority of Arfajah. Muslim (no.59, 60), Abu Daawood in As-Sunnah, the chapter of killing the Khawaarij (no.4762), an-Nasaa’ee (4020, 4023) and Ahmad (4/261, 341, 5/24).]

In another place he (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said,

“There will be such leaders of the jamaa’ah you will recognise and you will abandon their bad actions, and whoever dislikes their actions will be worse… and whoever rejects them will be protected. But whoever remains pleased with them and follows them, the people asked, “Shall we fight such people?” He said, “No! Up until they establish the prayer.” [Saheeh. On the authority of Umm Salamah (radi-Allaahu ‘anhaa). Muslim (no.62, 63, 64), Abu Daawood in As-Sunnah, the chapter of killing the Khawaarij (no.4760), Tirmidhee (no.2265), and Ahmad (6/295, 302, 305, 321)]

All these ahadeeth are mentioned in the six most authentic books of hadeeth.

[Al-Allaamah, Fadheelatush-Shaykh Haafidh Ibn Ahmad al-Hakamee – A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manthoorah al-Ei’tiqaad at-Tae’fatun-Naajiyyatal Mansoorah]

Is it obligatory to obey a ruler who does not rule according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him)?

Question: Is it obligatory to obey a ruler who does not rule according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: Praise be to Allaah.

The ruler who does not rule according to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger should be obeyed in matters that do not involve disobedience towards Allaah and His Messenger, and it is not obligatory to fight him because of that; rather it is not permissible to do so unless he reaches the level of kufr, in which case it becomes obligatory to oppose him and he has no right to be obeyed by the Muslims.

Ruling according to anything other than that which is in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger reaches the level of kufr when two conditions are met:

1. When he knows the ruling of Allaah and His Messenger; if he is unaware of it, then he does not commit kufr by going against it.

2. When what makes him rule by something other than that which Allaah has revealed is the belief that it is a ruling that is not suitable for our time and that something else is more suitable than it and more beneficial for people.

If these two conditions are met, then ruling by something other than that which Allaah has revealed constitutes kufr which puts a person beyond the pale of Islam, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And whosoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, such are the Kaafiroon (i.e. disbelievers)” [al-Maa’idah 5:44]. The authority of the ruler becomes invalid and he has no right to be obeyed by the people; it becomes obligatory to fight him and remove him from power.

But if he rules by something other than that which Allaah has revealed whilst believing that ruling by that – i.e. that which Allaah has revealed — is what is obligatory, and that it is more suitable for the people, but he goes against it because of some whims and desires on his part or because he wants to wrong the people under his rule, then he is not a kaafir; rather he is a faasiq (evildoer) or a zaalim (wrongdoer). His authority remains, and obeying him in matters that do not involve disobedience to Allaah and His Messenger is obligatory, and it is not permissible to fight him or remove him from power by force or to rebel against him, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) forbade rebelling against rulers unless we see blatant kufr for which we have proof from Allaah.

[Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (2/118)]