Question: Is it permissible for children to enter Masjids (Mosques)? How do we respond to those who consider it not permissible?
Answer: It is recommended to bring children to the Masjid so they will become accustomed to offering Salah (prayer) in congregation, if the child has reached the age of discernment. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
“Command your children to pray when they are seven years old and beat them for (neglecting) it when they are ten years old, and do not let (boys and girls) sleep together.”
As for the account that the Prophet (peace be upon them) said:
“Keep your children and the insane away from your Masjids”,
it is unauthentic.
However, if a child has not reached the age of discernment, it is best not to bring him to the Masjid, as he is unaware of the meaning of Salah or congregation. Also, the child may disturb those offering Salah.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!
[Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’, 5/263]
Question: Someone in our village brings his minor children who have not reached the age of seven to the Masjid (mosque). Sometimes, they raise their voices and distract those who offer Salah and cause them to lose concentration. When some of our Muslim brothers advised him not to bring them, he said: The Companions used to bring their children to the Masjid during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and when the Messenger heard the cry of a baby, he used to not lengthen Salah. What is the ruling in this regard? Could you kindly explain?
Answer: It is obligatory to maintain Masjids and keep them safe from the playing of children and their annoyance because Masjids are built for worship. Those who bring their children with them to teach them Salah (prayer) should discipline them and train them not to play in the Masjids or play with the Mushafs (copies of the Qur’an) there.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions
[Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’, 5/264]
Question: We are Muslims living ina kaafir state, and the government has now started to build some mosques in the places where Muslims live. Is it permissible for us to recognize these mosques even though we have no built them ourselves at the time when we are able to do that, and even though their roofs are made of leaves from trees, knowing that the government is currently keen to please the Muslims so that the Muslims will stop opposing the government? We should also note that we do not know where this help is coming from, is it really from the government or from our Muslim brothers overseas? We hope that you can give us a reply.
Answer: Praise be to Allaah.
It is well known that governments and the peoples under their rule share different kinds of rights and duties, financial, physical and moral. If the situation is as you mention, that the government under whose care you are in Christian, and that it has started to build mosques in the Muslim areas and that it is fulfilling its duties towards those who are under its care, and meeting their needs and providing them with worldly and religious public facilities in return for the Muslims’ doing their duties towards it and the benefits it earns from them, then in this case there are no reservations about you accepting the mosques that it is providing in fulfilment of its duties towards you. But this should not involve any reminder to you of its favours, or expectation of something in return . indeed, you should accept these mosques and ask for more and for the establishment of Islamic schools. You should not be deterred from asking for all your rights, religious and secular, just because you have been given some of them.
You should also cooperate amongst yourselves to establish other facilities such as mosques, Islamic schools and anything else that you need, whilst also taking care that the stewardship and supervision of mosques and schools etc., built for you by the government should be given to Muslims, not to others, so that nothing happens in them that goes against sharee’ah. This is in accordance with the words of Allaah (interpretation of the meaning):
“Help you one another in Al-Birr and Al-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety)” [al-Maa’idah 5:2]
As regards the money that was spent by the government, you do not need to know where it came from, because there is no daleel to suggest that this is necessary.
[Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 6/262]
Question: In our city there is a man who recites Qur’aan well and is humble in his prayer. People come to him from distant cities. What is the ruling on those people coming? Is it valid, or do they come under the prohibition mentioned in the hadeeth: “No one should travel especially to visit a mosque except three: al-Masjid al-Haraam [in Makkah], al-Masjid al-Aqsa [in al-Quds/Jerusalem] and my Mosque [in Madeenah]”? (Narrated by al-Bukhaari in Fadl al-Salaah, 1197). We hope that you can advise us.
Answer: Praise be to Allaah.
We do not see anything wrong with that, rather that comes under the heading of travelling in order to seek knowledge and gain understanding of the Qur’aan and to listen to it from one who recites it with the best voice. Travelling for that purpose does not come under the heading of the kind of travel that is forbidden. Moosa (peace be upon him) undertook a great journey with al-Khidr (peace be upon him) to the place where the two seas met, in order to seek knowledge. The scholars among the Sahaabah and those who came after them continued to travel from one region to another, from one country to another, in pursuit of knowledge. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever follows a route in pursuit of knowledge, Allaah will make easy for him a path to Paradise.” (Muslim, al-Dhikr wa’l-Du’aa’, 2699)
[Shaykh Ibn Baaz, Majallat al-Buhooth, no. 42, p. 137]