‘Islam Fundamentals’ has been setup in order to convey authentic information regarding Islaam; that is, Islaam based upon the understanding of the Salaf-us-Saalih (the righteous predecessors).
This is not a site for a political group nor for any Muslim organization calling for party spirit (Tahazzub). This is purely intended to teach the path upon which the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) and his companions were upon. There can be no way better than this path. It is the correct path in creed and in understanding of Islam… The other paths are characterized by the following qualities:
1. Denying that Allaah تعالى ascended His ‘Arsh (Throne) above the seven heavens in the Most Majestic manner that suits Him, and that He is distinct and separate from His Creation.
2. Denying, altering, or insisting on figuratively interpreting the Names, Attributes and Actions of Allaah (1)
3. Denying, or altering the actual meaning of Ru’yah: The Seeing of Allaah by the believers on the Day of Resurrection.
4. Making analogous comparisons between Allaah and His Creation, leading to Tashbeeh (making parables) or Ta’teel (denying or suspending the obvious meanings) of the Names, Attributes, or Actions of Allaah.
5. Complete or partial denial of the intercessions approved by Allaah, or confirming intercessions not approved by the Sharee’ah.
6. Complete, partial denial, or figurative interpretations of revealed information on matters of Al-Ghayb like As-Siraat (2) Al-Meezan (3) the Prophet’s Hawd (4), the Torture or Bliss in the grave, the Angels, the Signs of the Hour, etc.
7. Denying the Kalaam (Speech) of Allaah.
8. Saying that the Qur’aan is not the Word of Allaah, but a creation of His!
9. Insisting that Eemaan is an uttering on the tongue only!
10. Denying that deeds fall under the meaning of Belief.
11. Denying that Eemaan increases with obedience, and decreases with disobedience.
12. Denying that Allaah’s Actions are linked to His Wisdom.
13. Denying the Foreknowledge and the Writing of all measures and preordainment in the Allawh Al-Mahfooth (The Preserved Tablet).
14. Saying that man creates all or some of his own deeds.
15. Saying that man has no choice.
16. Contradicting the principles of Tawheed by offering any form of worship to other than Allaah.
17. Saying anything about Allaah or about His Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ) without knowledge.
18. Arguing about the Qur’aan and Hadeeth, following what is not entirely clear to some, instead of referring it to the clear texts and (or) those learned scholars who follow the Salaf’s Path thus eliminating any misunderstanding.
19. Complete or partial denial of the validity of the authentic Sunnah.
20. Resorting to Baatini interpretations of texts saying that the texts have an outer aspect and an inner (Baatini) aspect!
21. Exaggerating in matters of Deen, e.g. easily declaring that such and such is a Kaafir.
22. Exaggerating about the status of certain men, making of them holly, infallible, etc.
23. To hold sacred certain places like tombs, clothes, etc.
24. Innovation in Deen: Adding to, or deducting from the prescribed matters of Islaam. Introducing innovated celebrations and declaring them holly.
25. Laying basics and rules related to the understanding of Islaam without resorting to the Qur’aan, authentic Sunnah, & the Salaf’s path.
26. Insulting the Sahaabah (The Prophet’s companions) or declaring that most of them as Kuffaar as the Raafidah (Rejectionists) of the Shee’ah sect do.
27. Insulting the Salaf and their followers.
28. Making mockery of the Muslims who adhere to the authentic Sunnah.
29. Giving allegiance to groups and (or) parties irrespective of their creeds and (or) methodologies in the name of “uniting the ummaah.” This kind of “unity” which is not based on the true belief in Tawheed and on the way of the Salaf exemplified by the saying of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam): “My way and the way of my companions,” is misleading and keeps the ummah divided.
30. Magnifying the civilization of the Kuffaar under the pretext of modernization and development as a reaction to some injustices inflicted on some Muslims in their countries. There is nothing better than Islaam, and anything other than Islaam is not accepted to Allaah. The ill practices of some Muslims should not drive to conclusions that the defect is in Islaam. The Muslim is required to persevere under hardships and return to Allaah and not sell his Deen for a worldly gain.
31. Dissent against the Muslim rulers, even if they are ruthless, or oppressors. Islaam calls for patience under such conditions. The believer may give advice to the best of his ability, and deny the wrong in ways that may not lead to more evil. The confrontations with rulers led and continues to lead to bloodshed, divisions, and a bad reputation that hinders the Da’wah for Allaah. This does not mean the acceptance of wrong, neither it is a baseless excuse for advocating the munkar. Rather this is a matter of our creed not an emotional or political view. So hold firm to this matter of your Deen.
32. Following scholastic and philosophical ways, making them the reference for understanding the revealed texts.
33. Taking strange stands towards the Bid’ah and the Mubtadi’ah (innovators), by ignoring and/or making excuses for the justification of their Bida’ for worldly or political gains!
The above positions may exist with varied degrees amongst those who follow any of them. And Allaah Knows best!
The deviation from the Manhaj (path) of As-Salaf-us-Saalih is a very serious matter. On the other hand, the adherence to this path should be kept free from partisanship and Ghuluw (excessiveness). It should also be free from leniencies towards deviation (Tamyee’).
Muslims know well that the split of this Ummah into many sects is real and that the protection from this is possible-by Allaah’s will- once we take by the command of the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ): “My way and the way of my Sahaabah.” It is Sabeel Al-Mu’mineen (The Way of the Believers) whom Allaah was pleased with and they were pleased with Him.
1-We ask Allaah’s Forgiveness for some of the great scholars of Ahlu Sunnah (e.g. Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar, Imaam An-Nawawee, and others) who may have indulged in figurative interpretation of some of Allaah’s Sifaat (Attributes). On the other hand it is not right to exaggerate in rejecting all of their works. They have great contributions which enriched the understanding of the Sciences of Hadeeth, Fiqh, Usool, Tafseer, etc. While they may have been influenced by some aspects of the late Asha’rite school, they are not considered to be followers of the systematic methodology of this school. And Allaah knows best. See the Introduction in Ar-Rudud Wat-Ta’qeebaat ‘ala ma Waqa’ah lil Imaam An-Nawawee Fee Sharh Saheeh Muslim Min At-Ta’weel Fee As-Sifaat…by Shaykh Mashoor Bin Hasan Aal Salmaan. Daar Al-Hijrah, Riyaadh, 1413/1993.
2-As-Siraat: The Bridge over the midst of Hell; It is extremely slippery. On it there are hooks, claws, and barbs. Over it mankind will pass. The believers, as Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) explained, “Will pass like the blink of an eye, like the lightning, like the wind, like the birds, and like the fast horses and camels. Some will be saved, some will be lacerated then set free, and some will be thrown into the Fire…” [See Saheeh Muslim, V. 1, Hadeeth #352.
3-Al-Meezaan: The Scale set up on the Day of Resurrection for weighing the deeds of men.
4-Hawd: The Pool of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam). He (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said: “The size of my Pool is like what is between Jerusalem and San’aa in Yemen and it has drinking cups like the number of stars in the sky.” [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V.8, Hadeeth #582.] It is referred to in the Qur’aan (Soorah 108) as Al-Khawther in Al-Jannah.